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How to.......

The case studies are arranged two ways.


  1. Broad categories generalizing some basic needs

  2. Categories based on role-types. Where different tactics by the innovators (and those in allied roles) have led to some very interesting approaches to address these basic needs.



The reader is urged to focus on the process of the innovation, elements like timelines, unique collaborative or funding efforts.


Pay attention to color codes as they have a significance within the case.


Arrows going back and forth show the often non-linear nature of the process with several events happening at the same time!


And one last word: Please remember that social innovations are context-dependent and what is a breakthrough innovation in one setting might not be in others. The idea is to capture a global snapshot about what is possible and has been made so through ingenious thinking in the face of difficulties



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