OPERATIONAL MODEL based projects


Go through the various operational models listed below and relevant case studies listed below. Click on any of the cases to take you directly to the innovation/innovator analyses.

Alternately, use the Quick Menu on the right and go to the Operational Model of your choice.



These are organizations modeled after traditional nonprofits. Reliant on government tax credits and / or donations & philanthropy. May or may not actively make money through sale of products, service, rental income etc.

This is the most popular option entrepreneurs and innovators choose. 

Possible reasons:

1. Set model

2. Tax exemption is a huge bonus

3. Grants and philanthropies are more readily available to a nonprofit.

4. Well suited for different business types and sectors.

5. Absence of role models who have opted for other operational styles 


Click on each to take you directly to the cases. 

Creative Thinkers...


Innovations came into being because of another support-base. 

Could be a government scheme [or grant], or a parent organization that is actively supporting the innovation by providing skills and other resources.

Reduces burden on the innovator/entrepreneur or intrapreneur since access to skills and resources is easier.

Particularly suited for intrapreneurial ventures. (See glossary for meaning)


Parent organization accrues tangible and intangible benefits from this association which is not necessarily monetary [money based] in nature.


Positive brand recognition and brand association is one advantage for the supporting organization. Other benefits include going beyond social responsibility and into aligning goals with social equity

Click on each to take you directly to the cases. 

Creative Thinkers...


Innovations officially registered as a 'social enterprise'. May be profit or nonprofit, but government of that country [where innovation is registered] allows for registering the business as a social enterprise.

Note: Not a lot of countries have the provision to register as social enterprises. This adds yet another layer of complexity for social innovators and entrepreneurs when it comes to registering their companies.



 Not a lot of examples are available at this time and we are on the lookout for more. We urge you to nominate / bring to our attention innovations and social enterprises of this kind.

Organizations following a for-profit model whilst keeping their social innovation agenda front and center.

A more complex level of planning required to ensure public (and governments) see the social equity angle and how that is at the core of the work being done.

Not a lot of examples are visible at this time and we are on the lookout for more.

the all encompassing
Creative Thinkers...

Organizations and people whose work falls in all the above categories. The most versatile of the lot and often includes several different types of enterprises and innovations.